Erbil is the oldest continuously-inhabited city of the world. Its name was mentioned in the historic writings around the year 2300 B.C., as the name of a town full of life, which is a Sumerian property. According to the Sumerian writings, assist clear from Sumerian territory in king showlyky writing who is belong to third Ur trace around 2000 B.C the name of the town at that time was “Urbiliom”. The Sumerians where the first people to appear in Mesopotamia and until now, the scientists still not definitely agree on their origin. There are quite many heratiges whithin Erbil indicating the existance of previous civilization, Shanader Cave is one of such example reflecting life existance seens 100,000 years ago, the skeleton found in Shanader Cave goes back to 45,000 years as it was kept in Iraqi National Museum in Baghdad.